CHAPTER 2:  PERFECT WEIGHT

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TRADITIONAL DIETS DON’T WORK (DUH)

Curbing Calories Works in the Long Run. 15 Oct. 2007. Web. 17 Oct. 2007.<http://www.reuters.com/article/healthnews/idusper58617020071015>.

Dansinger, ML,  et al. “Meta-analysis: The Effect of Dietary Counseling for Weight Loss.” Ann Intern Med 147 (2007): 41-50.

Heymsfield, Steven B., et al. “Why Do Obese Patients Not Lose More Weight When Treated with Low-Calorie Diets? A Mechanistic Perspective.” Am J Clin Nutr 85 (2007): 346-54.

Katan, Martijn B. “Weight-Loss Diets for the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity.” New Engl J Med 360 (2009): 923-25.

Most Diets Work About the Same. 2 July 2007. Web. 6 July 2007.<http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/19570099/>.

Sacks, Frank M.,  et al. “Comparison of Weight-Loss Diets with Different Compositions of Fat, Protein, and Carbohydrates.” New Engl J Med 360 (2009):859-73.

“Supplement to: Sacks FM, Bray GA, Carey VJ, et al. Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates.” New Engl J Med 360 (2009).

U.S. Weighs Obesity Surgery Options. Web. 2 Jan. 2006. <http://www.cnn.com/2006/health/conditions/01/02/obesity.surgery.ap/index.html>.

LIBERATION FROM WEIGHT

New Survey Reveals Dieting a Constant Concern. 9 Aug. 2007. Web. 11 Aug. 2007.<http://www.caloriecontrol.org/pr_08092007-b.html>.

MEASURING YOUR GOALS

Adams, Kenneth F., and et al. “Overweight, Obesity, and Mortality in a LargeProspective Cohort of Persons 50 to 71 Years Old.” New Engl J Med 355 (2006): 763-78.

Campbell, T Colin  and Thomas M. Campbell II. The China Study. Dallas, TX: Benbella Books, 2005.

Levi, Jeffrey, Laura M. Segal, and Juliano Chrissie. F as in Fat: How Obesity Policies are Failing in America. Rep. Trust for America’s Health, Aug. 2006.<www.healthyamericans.org>.

Mann , Jim I, Appleby, Paul N, et al. “Dietary Determinants of Ischaemic Heart Disease in Health Conscious Individuals.” Heart 78 (1997): 450-455.

Newby, PK, Denis Muller,  et al. “Dietary patterns and changes in body mass index and waist circumference in adults.” Am J Clin Nutr 77 (2003): 1417-425.

Ogden, Cynthia L.,  et al. “Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in the United States, 1999-2004.” JAMA 295 (2006): 1549-555.

Williams, Paul T., Kathryn Hoffman, and Isabelle La. “Weight-Related Increases in Hypertension, Hypercholesterolemia, and Diabetes Risk in Normal Weight Male and Female Runners.” Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 27 (2007): 1811-819.

World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective. Rep. Washington DC: AICR, 2007.

PERFECT TRACK RECORD

Allen, NE, PN Appleby, GK Davey, and TJ Key. “Hormones and Diet: Low Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 but Normal Bioavailable Androgens in Vegan Men.” Brit J Cancer 83 (2000): 95-97.

Appleby, PN, M. Thorogood, JI Mann, and TJ Key. “Low body mass index in non-meat eaters: the possible roles of animal fat, dietary fibre and alcohol.” Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 22.May (1998): 454-60.

Barnard, Neal,  et al. “The Effects of a Low-Fat, Plant-Based Dietary Intervention on Body Weight, Metabolism, and Insulin Sensitivity.” Am J Med 118 (2005): 991-97.

Berkow, Susan E. and Neal Barnard. “Vegetarian Diets and Weight Status.” Nutrition Reviews 64.April (2006): 175-88.

Climate Change Poses Serious Risks to Insurers and Their Customers, According to New Report. 10 Oct. 2006. Web. 10 Oct. 2006. <http://www.worldwildlife.org/news/printPR.cfm?prID=317>.

Daubenmier, Jennifer J., et al. “The Contribution of Changes in Diet, Exercise, and Stress Management to Changes in Coronary Risk in Women and Men in theMultisite Cardiac Lifestyle Intervention Program.” Ann Behav Med 33 (2007): 57-68.

Ellis, Frey R., MRC Path, and VME Montegriffo. “Veganism, Clinical Findings and Investigations.” Am J Clin Nutr 23 (1970): 249-55.

Fontana, Luigi, et al. “Low Bone Mass in Subjects on a Long-term Raw Vegetarian Diet.” Arch Intern Med 165 (2005): 684-89.

Fontana, Luigi, Samuel Klein, and John O. Holloszy. “Long-term Low-protein, Low-calorie Diet and Endurance Exercise Modulate Metabolic Factors Associated with Cancer Risk.” Am J Clin Nutr 84 (2006): 1456-462.

Fraser, Gary E. Diet, Life Expectancy, and Chronic Disease: Studies of Seventh-day Adventists and Other Vegetarians. New York: Oxford UP, 2003.

Haddad, Ella H., et al. “Dietary intake and biochemical, hematologic, and immune status of vegans compared with nonvegetarians.” Am J Clin Nutr 70 (1999): 586S-93S.

Hardinge, Mervyn G. and Fredrick J. Stare. “Nutritional Studies of Vegetarians.” Am J Clin Nutr 2 (1954): 73-82

Kaartinen, K., et al. “Vegan diet alleviates fibromyalgia symptoms.” Scand J Rheumatol 29 (2000): 308-13.

Key, Timothy, and Gwyneth Davey. “Prevalence of obesity is low in people who do not eat meat.” BMJ 313 (1996): 816-17.

Newby, PK,  Katherine L. Tucker, and Alicja Wolk. “Risk of overweight and obesity among semivegetarian, lactovegetarian, and vegan women.” Am J Clin Nutr 81 (2005): 1267-274.

Nicholson, Andrew S.,  et al. “Toward Improved Management of NIDDM: A Randomized, Controlled, Pilot Intervention Using a Lowfat, Vegetarian Diet.” Preventive Medicine 29 (1999): 87-91.

Rauma, Anna-Liisa, et al. “Antioxidant status in long-term adherents to a strict uncooked vegan diet.” Am J Clin Nutr 62 (1995): 1221-227.

Sarter, Barbara, T Colin Campbell, and Joel Fuhrman. “Effect of a High Nutrient Density Diet on Long-Term Weight Loss: A Retrospective Chart Review.” Altern Ther Health Med 14 (2008): 48-53.

Shintani, Terry T., Claire K. Hughes, Sheila Beckham, and Helen K. O’Connor. “Obesity. and cardiovascular risk intervention through the ad libitum feeding of traditional Hawaiian diet.” Am J Clin Nutr 53 (1991): 1647S-651S.

Tonstad, Serena, Terry Butler, Ru Yan, and Gary E. Fraser. “Type of Vegetarian Diet, Body Weight, and Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes.” Diabetes Care 32 (2009): 791-96.

Vegan Diet Effective Treatment for Diabetes in PCRM Study. Web. 8 June 2006. <http://www.pcrm.org/newsletter/jun06/diabetes.html>.

Williams, Paul T., Kathryn Hoffman, and Isabelle La. “Weight-Related Increases in Hypertension, Hypercholesterolemia, and Diabetes Risk in Normal Weight Male and Female Runners.” Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 27 (2007): 1811-819.

WILL YOU LIKE THIS DIET AS MUCH AS PEOPLE IN THE STUDIES?

Barnard, Neal D., Anthony R. Scialli, Et al. “Acceptability of a Low-fat Vegan Diet Compares Favorably to a Step II Diet in a Randomized, Controlled Trial.” J Cardiopulm Rehab 24 (2004): 229-35.

Barnard, Neal D.,  et al. “A Low-Fat Vegan Diet Elicits Greater MacronutrientChanges, but Is Comparable in Adherence and Acceptability, Compared with a More Conventional Diabetes Diet among Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes.” J Am Diet Assoc 109 (2009): 263-72

Barnard, Neal D.,  et al. “Vegetarian and Vegan Diets in Type 2 Diabetes Management.” Nutr Reviews 67 (2009): 255-63.

YOU CAN ENJOY MORE FOOD

Bowman, Shanthy, and Joseph T. Spence. “A Comparison of Low-Carbohydrate vs. High-Carbohydrate Diets: Energy Restriction, Nutritent Quality and Correlation to Body Mass Index.” J Am Coll Nutr 21 (2002): 268-74.

Campbell, T Colin and Thomas M. Campbell II. The China Study. Dallas, TX: Benbella Books, 2005.

Fuhrman, Joel. Eat to Live. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 2003.

Hays, Nicholas P., et al. “Effects of an Ad Libitum Low-Fat, High-Carbohydrate Diet on Body Weight, Body Composition, and Fat Distribution in Older Men and Women.” Arch Intern Med 164 (2004): 210-17.

AIM FOR A SOFT LANDING

Is It In Us? 14 Nov. 2007 <http://isitinus.org/project.php>.

Pimentel, D., et al. “Ecology of Increasing Diseases: Population Growth and Environmental Degradation.” Hum Ecol DOI 10.1007/s10745-007-9128-3 (2007).

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