CHAPTER 4:  PERFECT PROTEIN

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YOUR PROTEIN IS UNIQUE

Herbert, Martha. “What is Genetically Modified Food.” EarthSave Magazine Spring 2002: 12-15.

Hendrix, Mary Lynn. “Protein.” Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2005. 2005. 15 Mar. 2006 <http://encarta.msn.com/text_761565946__1/protein.html>.

Lazaroff, Cat. Scientists Create Brand New Organism. 15 Jan. 2003. 15 Jan. 2003 <http://ens-news.com/ens/jan2003/2003E-01-15-02.asp>.

BUILDING BLOCKS OF YOUR LIFE

Tanford, Charles and Jacqueline Reynolds. Nature’s Robots: A History of Proteins. Oxford, England: Oxford UP, 2001.

Thibodeau, Gary A., and Kevin T. Patton. The Human Body in Health and Disease, Third Edition. Mosby, Inc., 2002.

EARTH’S PROTEIN FACTORIES

Amino Acid Synthesis in Grass. 10 July 2006 <http://library.thinkquest.org/11226/main/c08.htm>.

Fox, Brian A., and Allan G. Cameron. Food Science, Nutrition, and Health. Arnold, London, 1995.

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Noctor, Graham, et al. “Co-ordination of leaf minor amino acid contents in crop species: significance and interpretation.” Journal of Experimental Botany 53 (2002): 939-45.

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Taiz, Lincoln and Eduardo Zeiger. Plant Physiology. 2nd ed. Sinauer Associates, Inc., 1998.

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SUN’S ENERGY CAPTURED

Amino Acids. 15 Apr. 2005 <http://www.aspb.org/publications/biotext/sumrys/ch08.cfm>.

Amino Acid Synthesis in Grass. 10 July 2006 <http://library.thinkquest.org/11226/main/c08.htm>.

Coruzzi, Gloria and Robert Last. “Amino Acids.” Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants. Rockville, Maryland: American Society of Plant Physiologists, 2000.

Noctor, Graham, and Et al. “Co-ordination of leaf minor amino acid contents in crop species: significance and interpretation.” Journal of Experimental Botany 53 (2002): 939-45.

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Smith, RJ, PJ Lea, and JR Gallon. “Nitrogen Fixation.” Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1999.

Spremulli, Linda. “Protein Synthesis, Assembly, and Degradation.” Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants. Rockville, Maryland: American Society of Plant Physiologists, 2000.

Spremulli, Linda. Protein Synthesis, Assembly, and Degradation. 10 July 2006 <http://www.aspb.org/publications/biotext/intros/ch09.cfm>.

Taiz, Lincoln and Eduardo Zeiger. Plant Physiology. 2nd ed. Sinauer Associates, Inc., 1998.

What is Life: Amino Acid Metabolism. 15 Apr. 2005 <http://www.whatislife.com/reader2/metabolism/pathway/aminoacid.html>.

ANIMALS ARE EFFICIENT

Fuhrman, Joel. Eat to Live. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 2003.

Lea, PJ. “Nitrogen Metabolism.” Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1999.

Molecular Biochemistry II. 10 July 2006 <http://www.rpi.edu/dept/bcbp/molbiochem/BiochSci/sbello/new_page_2.htm>.

YOU LINK AMINOS INTO PROTEINS

Cotran, Ramzi, Vinay Kumar, and Tucker Collina. Pathologic Basis of Disease, Sixth Edition. W.B. Saunders Company, 1999.

Ellis, R. John and JT Pinheiro. “Danger-misfolding proteins.” Nature 416 (2002): 483-84

Fox, Brian A. and Allan G. Cameron. Food Science, Nutrition, and Health. Arnold, London, 1995.

Hansen, Margie. Pathophysiology: Foundations of Disease and Clinical Intervention. W.B. Saunders Company, 1998.

Peptides and Proteins. 31 July 2003. 31 Jan. 2005 <http://biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b- online/e17/17d.htm>.

Pert, Candace B. Molecules of Emotion. New York: Scribner, 1997.

Tanford, Charles, and Jacqueline Reynolds. Nature’s Robots: A History of Proteins. Oxford, England: Oxford UP, 2001.

YOUR BODY’S CLOSET SPACE IS LIMITED

Culliney, John L. Seal (Mammal). 26 Jan. 2008 <http://encarta.msn.com>.

Hansen, Margie. Pathophysiology: Foundations of Disease and Clinical Intervention. W.B. Saunders Company, 1998.

Institute of Medicine. The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance. Rep. Washington ,DC: National Academy P, 1999.

Millward, D. Joe. “Metabolic demands for amino acids and the human dietaryrequirement:Milward and Rivers (1988) revisited.” J Nutr 128 (1998):2563S-576S.

Millward, D. Joe, Et al. “Physical Activity, Protein Metabolism and Protein Requirements.” Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 53 (1994): 223-40.

Southern Seals: Aquatic Performers. 26 Jan. 2008 <http://www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=1770>.

THE ORIGINAL RECYCLING

Chang, Kenneth. “Study of Cell Breakdown Captures Nobel.” New York Times 7 Oct. 2004.

Institute of Medicine. The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance. Rep. Washington ,DC: National Academy P, 1999.

King, Christopher. “Cell (biology).” Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2005. 2005. Web. 15 Mar. 2006. <http://encarta.msn.com/text_761568585__1/Cell_(biology).html>.

McDougall, John. “A Brief History of Protein: Passion, Social Bigotry, Rats, andEnlightenment.” McDougall Newsletter Dec. 2003.

Millward, D. Joe. “Metabolic demands for amino acids and the human dietary requirement:Milward and Rivers (1988) revisited.” J Nutr 128 (1998):2563S-576S.

Reeds, Peter J. and Peter J. Garlick. “Protein and amino acid requirements and the composition of complementary foods.” J Nutr 133 (2003): 2953S-961S.

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PROTEIN: IDEAL AMOUNT, IDEAL SOURCE

Campbell, T Colin and Thomas M. Campbell II. The China Study. Dallas, TX: Benbella Books, 2005.

Dewey, Kathryn G. “Protein and Amino Acids.” Pediatrics 106 (2000): 1292.

Dewey, KG, Et al. “Protein Requirements of Infants and Children.” Eur J Clin Nutr 50 (1996): S119-150.

Fleming, Richard M. and Tom Monte. Stop Inflammation Now. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2004.

Fuhrman, Joel. Eat to Live. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 2003.

Institute of Medicine. The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance. Rep. Washington ,DC: National Academy P, 1999.

Lopez de Romana, Guillermo, and Et al. “Fasting and Prostprandial Plasma Free Amino Acids of Infants and Children Consuming Exclusively Potato Protein.” J Nutr 111 (1981): 1766-771.

McDougall, John. “A Brief History of Protein: Passion, Social Bigotry, Rats, and Enlightenment.” McDougall Newsletter Dec. 2003.

McDougall, John. “Protein Overload.” McDougall Newsletter Jan. 2004.

McDougall, John. “When Friends Ask: “Where Do You Get Your Protein?”” McDougall Newsletter Apr. 2007.

Millward, D. Joe. “Metabolic demands for amino acids and the human dietary requirement:Milward and Rivers (1988) revisited.” J Nutr 128 (1998): 2563S-576S.

Millward, DJ. “The nutritional value of plant-based diets in relation to human amino acid and protein requirements.” Proc Nutr Soc 58 (1999): 249-60.

Protein requirements. 31 Jan. 2005. <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/465726>.

Reeds, PJ, et al. “Protein nutrition of the neonate.” Proc Nutr Soc 59 (2000): 87-97.

Reeds, Peter J. and Peter J. Garlick. “Protein and amino acid requirements and the composition of complementary foods.” J Nutr 133 (2003): 2953S-961S.

Sanders, T.A.B. “The Nutritional Adequacy of Plant-Based Diets.” Proceedings Nutrition Society 58 (1999): 265-69.

Young, Vernon R., and Peter L. Pellett. “Plant proteins in relation to human protein and amino acid nutrition.” Am J Clin Nutr 59 (1994): 1203S-212S.

ARE YOU DROWNING IN TOO MUCH PROTEIN?

Institute of Medicine. The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance. Rep. Washington ,DC: National Academy P, 1999.

Millward, D. Joe, et. “Physical Activity, Protein Metabolism and Protein Requirements.” Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 53 (1994): 223-40.

Millward, D. Joe. “Metabolic demands for amino acids and the human dietary requirement:Milward and Rivers (1988) revisited.” J Nutr 128 (1998):2563S-576S.

WHO SAID MORE WAS BETTER?

Barnard, Neal D. Dr. Neal Barnard’s Program for Reversing Diabetes. New York: Rodale  Inc., 2007.

Edwards, Cecile H., and Et al. “Utilization of wheat by adult man: nitrogen metabolism, plasma amino acids and lipids.” Am J Clin Nutr 24 (1971): 181-93.

Eisman, George. What’s Wrong with Atkins? 20 Feb. 2004 <http://www.vegforlife.org/atkins_factsr.htm>.

Fox, Brian A., and Allan G. Cameron. Food Science, Nutrition, and Health. Arnold, London, 1995.

Hansen, Margie. Pathophysiology: Foundations of Disease and Clinical Intervention. W.B. Saunders Company, 1998.

Institute of Medicine. The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance. Rep. Washington ,DC: National Academy P, 1999.

Linn, T., and Et al. “Effect of Long-Term Dietary Protein Intake on Glucose Metabolism in Humans.” Diabetologia 43 (2000): 1257-265.

McDougall, John. “Protein Overload.” McDougall Newsletter Jan. 2004.

McDougall, John. “Ulcerative Colitis Relapses with Meat and Beef.” McDougall Newsletter Nov. 2004.

McDougall, John. “When Friends Ask: “Where Do You Get Your Protein?”” McDougall Newsletter Apr. 2007.

Messina, Virginia, and Mark Messina. The Vegetarian Way. New York: Crown Trade Paperbacks, 1996.

Waugh, Anne, and Allison Grant. Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness. 9th ed. Churchill Livingstone, 2001.

PERFECT FOODS, PERFECT PROTEIN

Fleming, Richard M. and Tom Monte. Stop Inflammation Now. New York: G.P.Putnam’s Sons, 2004.

Fox, Brian A., and Allan G. Cameron. Food Science, Nutrition, and Health. Arnold, London, 1995.

Fuhrman, Joel. Eat to Live. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 2003.

Hardinge, Mervyn G., and Fredrick J. Stare. “Nutritional Studies of Vegetarians.” Am J Clin Nutr 2 (1954): 73-82.

Lopez de Romana, Guillermo, and Et al. “Fasting and Prostprandial Plasma Free Amino Acids of Infants and Children Consuming Exclusively Potato Protein.” J Nutr 111 (1981): 1766-771.

McDougall, John. “Plant Foods Have a Complete Amino Acid Composition.” Circulation 105 (2002): 197.

McDougall, John. “When Friends Ask: “Where Do You Get Your Protein?”” McDougall Newsletter Apr. 2007.

Messina, Virginia and Mark Messina. The Vegetarian Way. New York: Crown Trade  Paperbacks, 1996.

Millward, DJ. “The nutritional value of plant-based diets in relation to human amino acid and protein requirements.” Proc Nutr Soc 58 (1999): 249-60.

Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine. The Protein Myth. Brochure. 1999.

Protein requirements. 31 Jan. 2005. <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/465726>.

Young, Vernon R., and Peter L. Pellett. “Plant proteins in relation to human protein and amino acid nutrition.” Am J Clin Nutr 59 (1994): 1203S-212S.

PROTEIN DIGESTION: TRANSFORMING YOUR FOOD

Fox, Brian A. and Allan G. Cameron. Food Science, Nutrition, and Health. Arnold, London, 1995.

Hansen, Margie. Pathophysiology: Foundations of Disease and Clinical Intervention. W.B. Saunders Company, 1998.

Klaper, Michael A. Arthritis and Autoimmune Diseases, Nutrition, and (Un?)common Sense. 25 Oct. 2004 <http://doctorklaper.com/answers07.html>.

MacDonald, Thomas T., and Giovanni Monteleone. “Immunity, Inflammation, and Allergy in the Gut.” Science 307 (2005): 1920-925.

Mowat, Allan. “The Regulation of Immune Responses to Dietary Protein Antigens.” Immunology Today 8 (1987): 93-98.

Thibodeau, Gary A., and Kevin T. Patton. The Human Body in Health and Disease, Third Edition. Mosby, Inc., 2002.

KEEP OUT THOSE LEAKING PROTEINS

Fuhrman, Joel. Eat to Live. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 2003

Klaper, Michael A. Arthritis and Autoimmune Diseases, Nutrition, and (Un?)common Sense. 25 Oct. 2004 <http://doctorklaper.com/answers07.html>.

Messina, Virginia and Mark Messina. The Vegetarian Way. New York: Crown Trade Paperbacks, 1996.

Pickup, John C. “Inflammation and Activated Innate Immunity in the Pathogenesis of Type 2 Diabetes.” Diabetes Care 27 (2004): 813-23.

Pirlich, Matthias, and Et al. “Role of Intestinal Function in Cachexia.” Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 9 (2006): 603-06.

Sandek, Anja, and Et al. “The Emerging Role of the Gut in Chronic Heart Failure.” Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 11 (2008): 632-39.

Zar, Sameer, Martin J. Benson, and Devinder Kumar. “Food-Specific Serum IgG4 and IgE Titers to Common Food Antigens in Irritable Bowel Syndrome.”Am J Gastroenterol 100 (2005): 1550-557.

HAS YOUR OLD THINKING GOTTEN YOU THE RESULTS YOU WANT?

Bowlby, Rex. Plant Roots. Burbank, CA: Outside the Box Publishing, 2003.

McDougall, John. “For the Love of Grains.”  McDougall Newsletter Jan. 2008.

Nestle, Marion. “Animal v. Plant Foods in Human Diets and Health: Is the Historical Records Unequivocal?” Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 58 (1999): 211-18.

Tuttle, Will. The World Peace Diet. New York: Lantern Books, 2005.

ESCAPE THE HYPE

Berkow, Susan E. and Neal Barnard. “Vegetarian Diets and Weight Status.” Nutrition Reviews 64 (2006): 175-88.

McDougall, John. “A Brief History of Protein: Passion, Social Bigotry, Rats, and Enlightenment.” McDougall Newsletter Dec. 2003.

Reeds, PJ, and Et al. “Protein nutrition of the neonate.” Proc Nutr Soc 59 (2000): 87-97.

YOU CAN HELP KIDS WHO REALLY ARE MALNOURISHED

Fox, Brian A. and Allan G. Cameron. Food Science, Nutrition, and Health. Arnold, London, 1995.

Millward, DJ. “The nutritional value of plant-based diets in relation to human amino acid and protein requirements.” Proc Nutr Soc 58 (1999): 249-60.

THE STORY CONDENSED

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