CHAPTER 15: PERFECT PUZZLE COMPLETED (Part 2)

RUSTING FROM THE INSIDE

Bloomgarden, Zachary T., H. Hammes, and Al Vinik. “Inflammation: The Root of all Evil in Diabetes and the Dysmetabolic Syndrome” 28 Dec. 2004<http://www.medscape.com/viewprogram/3716_pnt>.

Boosalis, Maria G et al. “Acute Phase Response and Plasma Carotenoid Concentrations in Older Women: Findings from the Nun Study.” Nutrition 12 (1996): 475-78.

Campbell, T. Colin and Thomas M. Campbell II. The China Study. Dallas, TX: Benbella Books, 2005.

Cotran, Ramzi, Vinay Kumar, and Tucker Collins. Pathologic Basis of Disease, Sixth Edition. W.B. Saunders Company, 1999.

Fleming, Richard M. and Tom Monte. Stop Inflammation Now. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2004.

Franceschi, Claudio et al. “Inflammaging and Anti-Inflammaging: A Systemic Perspective on Aging and Longevity Emerged from Studies in Humans.” Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 128 (2007): 92-105.

Gorman, Christine and Alice Park. “The Secret Killer.” Time 23 Feb. 2004: 38-46.

Hansen, Margie. Pathophysiology: Foundations of Disease and Clinical Intervention. W.B. Saunders Company, 1998.

Heilbronn, Leonie K. et al. “Effect of 6-Month Calorie Restriction on Biomarkers of Longevity, Metabolic Adaptation, and Oxidative Stress in Overweight Individuals.” JAMA 295 (2006): 1539-548.

Krajcovicova-Kudlackova, M. et al. “Effects of Diet and Age on Oxidative Damage Products in Healthy Subjects.” Physiol Res 57 (2008): 647-51.

Limbrel. 24 Feb. 2006 <http://www.limbrel.com

Morris, Martha Clare. “Diet and Alzheimer’s Disease: What the Evidence Shows.” 2004. 24 Dec. 2004 <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/466037_print>.

Pattison, Dorothy J. et al. “Dietary B-crypotoxanthin and inflammatory polyarthritis: results from a population-based prospective study.” Am J Clin Nutr 82 (2005): 451-55.

Simopoulos, Artemis P. “Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Antioxidants in Edible Wild Plants.” Biol Res 37 (2004): 263-77.

Supinski, Gerald S. and Leigh A. Callahan. “Free Radical-Mediated Skeletal Muscle Dysfunction in Inflammatory Conditions.” J Appl Physiol 102 (2007): 2056-063.

World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Rep. Washington DC: AICR, 2007.

YOUR FOOD CHOICES CAN FIGHT FREE RADICALS

Biesalski, HK et al. “Oxidative and Premature Skin Ageing.” Experimental Dermatology 12 suppl (2003): 3-15.

Fleming, Richard M. and Tom Monte. Stop Inflammation Now. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2004.

Koh-Banerjee, Pauline and Eric B. Rimm. “Whole Grain Consumption and Weight Gain: A Review of the Epidemiological Evidence, Potential Mechanisms and Opportunites for Future Research.” Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 62 (2003): 25-29.

Krajcovicova-Kudlackova, M. et al. “Effects of Diet and Age on Oxidative Damage Products in Healthy Subjects.” Physiol Res 57 (2008): 647-51.

Kritchevsky, Stephen B. et al. “Serum Carotenoids and Markers of Inflammation in Nonsmokers.” Am J Epidemiol 152 (2000): 1065-071.

Lampe, Johanna W. “Spicing Up a Vegetarian Diet: Chemoprotective Effects of Phytochemicals.” Am J Clin Nutr 78 supple (2003): 579S-83S.

Lila, Mary Ann. “From Beans to Berries and Beyond.” Ann NY Acad Sci 1114 (2007): 372-80.

Morris, Martha Clare. “Diet and Alzheimer’s Disease: What the Evidence Shows.” 2004. 24 Dec. 2004 <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/466037_print>.

Podda, M. and M. Grundmann-Kollmann. “Low Molecular Weight Antioxidants and their Role in Skin Ageing.” Clin Exper Dermatology 26 (2001): 578-82.

Purba, Martalenabr et al. “Skin Wrinkling: Can Food Make a Difference.” J Am Coll Nutr 20 (2001): 71-80.

Simopoulos, Artemis P. “Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Antioxidants in Edible Wild Plants.” Biol Res 37 (2004): 263-77.

World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Rep. Washington DC: AICR, 2007.

FATTY FACTORS IN INFLAMMATION

Arterburn, Linda M. et al. “Bioequivalence of Docosahexaenoic Acid from Different Algal Oils in Capsules and in a DHA-Fortified Food.” Lipids DOI: 10.1007/s11745-007-3098-5 (2007): 1011-024.

Bagga, Dilprit et al. “Differential effects of prostaglandin derived from O-6 and O-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on COX-2 expression and IL-6 secretion.” Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 100 (2003).

DeBusk, Ruth M. “Dietary Strategies for Preventing and Minimizing Inflammation.” The Integrative Medicine Consult 4 (2002): 26, 35.

Busko, Marlene, and Hiem T. Nghiem. “Diets with High Omega-6:Omega-3 Rations Enhance Risk for Depression, Inflammatory Disease.” 26 Apr. 2007. 27 Apr. 2007 <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/555736_print>.

“DHA – Should We Supplement or Not?” Exsalus Newsletter (June 2009).

Dunford, Nurham. “Foods, Health, and Omega-3 Oils.” 11 Oct. 2008 <http://www.fapc.okstate.edu/files/factsheets/fapc135.pdf>.

Fleming, Richard M. and Tom Monte. Stop Inflammation Now. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2004.

Fox, Brian A. and Allan G. Cameron. Food Science, Nutrition, and Health. London: Arnold, 1995.

Grimble, RF. “Dietary Lipids and the Inflammatory Response.” Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 57 (1998): 535-42.

Han, SN et al. “Effect of hydrogenated and saturated, relative ot polyunsaturated, fat on immune and inflammatory responses of adults with moderate hypercholesterolemia.” J Lipid Res 43 (2002): 445-52.

Hansen, Margie. Pathophysiology: Foundations of Disease and Clinical Intervention. W.B. Saunders Company, 1998.

Hawkes, Nigel, “The Benefits of Fish and Linseed Oils as Elixers of Life are Another Health Myth.” The London Times, March 23, 2006

Institute of Medicine. Letter Report on Dietary Reference Intakes for Trans Fatty Acids. 2002.

Jenkins, David JA et al. “Are Dietary Recommendations for the Use of Fish Oils Sustainable.” CMAJ 180 (2009): 633-37.

Lanou, Amy, and P. Sullivan. “Something’s Fishy on Federal Dietary Committee.” Good Medicine Autumn 2004.

Limbrel. 24 Feb. 2006 <http://www.limbrel.com

McDougall, John. “When Friends Ask: Why Do You Avoid Adding Vegetable Oils?” The McDougall Newsletter 6 (Aug. 2007): 2-7.

Meggs, William Joel and Carol Svec. The Inflammation Cure. Chicago, Il: Contemporary Books, 2003.

Mental Health Foundation. Feeding Minds: The Impact of Food on Mental Health. 2006. <www.mentalhealth.org.uk>.

Nguyen, Jacquelyn Y. et al. “Adoption of a Plant-Based Diet by Patients with Recurrent Prostate Cancer.” Integrative Cancer Therapies 5 (2006): 214-23.

Pattison, Dorothy J. et al. “Dietary Risk Factors for the Development of Inflammatory Polyarthritis.” Arthritis & Rheumatism 50 (2004): 3804-812.

Severson, Kim and Melanie Warner. “Fat Substitute is Pushed out of the Kitchen.” New York Times 13 Feb. 2005.

Simopoulos, Artemis. “Essential fatty acids in health and chronic disease.” Am J Clin Nutr 70 suppl (1999): 560S-69S.

Simopoulos, Artemis P. “Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Antioxidants in Edible Wild Plants.” Biol Res 37 (2004): 263-77.

Thompson, Lillian U., and Et al. “Dietary Flaxseed Alters Tumor Biological Markers in Postmenopausal Breast Cancer.” Clin Cancer Res 11 (2005): 3828-835.

Weil, Andrew. “The Truth About Inflammation.” Dr. Andrew Weil’s Self Healing Nov. 2004: 4-5.

Weinhold, Bob. “Environmental Cardiology: Getting to the Heart of the Matter.” 27 Dec. 2004. 4 Jan. 2004 <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/494683?src=mp>.

COWS MUST GIVE BIRTH TO SECRETE MILK

“Commercial Cows’ Milk Alters Uterus in Rats.” 21 June 2006. 22 June 2006 <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/537131_print>.

Courant, F. et al. “Determination of Naturally Occurring Oestrogens and Androgens in Retail Samples of Milk and Eggs.” Food Additives and Contamination 24 (2007): 1358-366.

Courant, F. et al. “Exposure Assessment of Prepubertal Children to Steroid Endocrine Disruptors. 2. Determination of Steroid Hormones in Milk, Egg, and Meat Samples.” J Agric Food Chem 56 (2008): 3176-184.

Farlow, DW. “Quantitative Measurement of Endogenous Estrogen Metabolites, Risk Factors for Development of Breast Cancer, in Commercial Milk Products by LC-MS/MS.” J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 877 (2009): 1327-334.

Fontana, Luigi et al. “Long-Term Effects of Calorie or Protein Restriction on Serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 Concentration in Humans.” Aging Cell 7 (2008): 681-87.

Ganmaa, D. et al. “The Experience of Japan as a Clue to the Etiology of Testicular and Prostatic Cancers.” Med Hypotheses 60 (2003): 724-30.

Ganmaa, D. and A. Sato. “The Possible Role of Female Sex Hormones in Milk from Pregnant Cows in the Development of Breast, Ovarian, and Corpus Uteri Cancers.” Med Hypotheses 65 (2005): 1028-037.

Ganmaa, D. et al. “Commercial Cows’ Milk has Uterotrophic Activity on the Uteri of Young Ovariectomized Rats and Immature Rats.” Int J Cancer 118 (2006): 2363-365.

Goodson, WH III et al. “Milk Products are a Source of Dietary Progesterone” (San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium meeting abstract 202). Dec. 2007. San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium. 1 Aug. 2008 <http://www.abstracts2view.com/sabcs/view.php?nu=SABCS07L_1108&terms>.

Janowski, T. et al. “Mammary Secretion of Oestrogens in the Cow.” Domestic Animal Endocrinology 23 (2002): 125-37.

Li, XM. “The Experience of Japan as a Clue to the Etiology of Breast and Ovarian Cancers: Relationship between Death from Both Malignancies and Dietary Practices.” Med Hypotheses 60 (2003): 268-75.

McDougall, John. “When Friends Ask: “Why Don’t You Drink Milk?”” McDougall Newsletter (Mar. 2007).

Messina, Mark J. “Legumes and soybeans: overview of their nutritional profiles and health effects.” Am J Clin Nutr 70 suppl (1999): 439S-50S.

Saunders, Kerrie K. The Vegan Diet as Chronic Disease Prevention. New York: Lantern Books, 2003.

Stang, Andreas et al. “Adolescent Milk Fat and Galactose Consumption and Testicular Germ Cell Cancer.” Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15 (2006): 2189-195.

World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Rep. Washington DC: AICR, 2007.

AGEs and HCAs: WHAT CAN HAPPEN WHEN YOU COOK

DeGroot, J. “The AGE of the matrix: chemistry, consequence, and cure.” Curr Opin Pharmacol 4 (2004): 301-05.

Greger, Michael. “AGEd Meat.” Dr. Michael Greger’s Monthly Newsletter (November. & December. 2004).  Libby, Peter et al. “Inflammation in atherosclerosis.” Circulation 105 (2002): 1135-1143.

Novick, Jeff. “Starchy Foods, AGE’s and You!” 5 June 2008. 14 Feb. 2009 <http://jeffnovick.com/index.php?option=com_content&viewarticle&id=493;starchy_foods_ages_and_you&catid=97;newsletter&itemid=349>.

Pickup, John C. “Inflammation and Activated Innate Immunity in the Pathogenesis of Type 2 Diabetes.” Diabetes Care 27 (2004): 813-23.

Reilly, Jennifer. “Playing with Fire: Grilled Chicken Contains Cancer-Causing Chemicals.” Good Medicine Summer 2006: 6-8.

“Skin Test Predicts Microvascular Complications in Diabetes.” 25 Mar. 2008. 26 Mar. 2008 <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/571953_print>.

Vlassara, Helen et al. “Inflammatory Mediators are Induced by Dietary Glycotoxins, a Major Risk Factor for Diabetic Angiopathy.” Proceedings Nat Acad Sciences 99 (2002): 15596-5601.

Zheng, Wei et al. “Well-Done Meat Intake and the Risk of Breast Cancer.” J Nat Cancer Institute 90 (1998): 1724-729.

Zieman, S. and D. Kass. “Advanced glycation end product cross-linking: pathophysiologic role and therapeutic target in cardiovascular disease.” Congest Heart Fail 10 (2004): 144-49.

YOUR BONES ARE MORE THAN CALCIUM

Cotran, Ramzi, Vinay Kumar, and Tucker Collins. Pathologic Basis of Disease, Sixth Edition. W.B. Saunders Company, 1999.

Hansen, Margie. Pathophysiology: Foundations of Disease and Clinical Intervention. W.B. Saunders Company, 1998.

Thibodeau, Gary A. and Kevin T. Patton. The Human Body in Health and Disease. 3rd ed. Mosby, Inc., 2002.

Waugh, Anne and Allison Grant. Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness. 9th ed. Churchill Livingstone, 2001.

THICKER BONES ARE NOT STRONGER BONES

Beals, Jacquelyn K.” Height Loss Measurement Improves Sensitivity of Osteoporosis Diagnosis.” 5 May 2008. 5 May 2008 <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/574007_print>.

Cotran, Ramzi, Vinay Kumar, and Tucker Collins. Pathologic Basis of Disease, Sixth Edition. W.B. Saunders Company, 1999.

Hansen, Margie. Pathophysiology: Foundations of Disease and Clinical Intervention. W.B. Saunders Company, 1998.

“Hip Fracture Risk High Among Older Patients with Diabetes.” 10 Apr. 2007. 11 Apr. 2007 <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/554925_print>.

Ho-Pham, LT et al. “Veganism, Bone Mineral Density, and Body Composition: A Study in Buddhist Nuns.” Osteroporos Int Doi: 10.1007/s00198-009-0916-z (2009).

Hunt, Curtiss and LuAnn K. Johnson. “Calcium Requirements: new Estimations for Men and Women by Cross-Sectional Statistical Analyses of Calcium Balance Data from Metabolic Studies.” Am J Clin Nutr 86 (2007): 1054-063.

Jackson, Rebecca D. et al. “Calcium plus Vitamin D Supplementation and the Risk of Fractures.” NEJM 354 (2006): 669-83.

McDougall, John. “When Friends Ask: “Why Don’t You Drink Milk?”” McDougall Newsletter (Mar. 2007).

Taiz, Lincoln and Eduardo Zeiger. Plant Physiology. 2nd ed. Sinauer Associates, Inc., 1998.

Thibodeau, Gary A, and Kevin T. Patton. The Human Body in Health and Disease. 3rd ed. Mosby, Inc., 2002.

Waugh, Anne and Allison Grant. Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness. 9th ed. Churchill Livingstone, 2001.

INFLAMMATION CAN DISSOLVE YOUR BONES

Barnes, PJ and BR Celli. “Systemic Manifestations and Comorbidities of COPD.” Eur Respir J 33 (2009): 1165-185.

Cotran, Ramzi, Vinay Kumar, and Tucker Collins. Pathologic Basis of Disease, Sixth Edition. W.B. Saunders Company, 1999.

Fontana, Luigi, et al. “Low Bone Mass in Subjects on a Long-term Raw Vegetarian Diet.” Arch Intern Med 165 (2005): 684-89.

Hansen, Margie. Pathophysiology: Foundations of Disease and Clinical Intervention. W.B. Saunders Company, 1998.

Klaper, Michael. “Osteoporosis.” 12 Aug. 2003 <http://doctorklaper.com/answers05.html>.

Mayo Clinic staff. “Periodontitis.” 4 July 2009 <http://mayoclinic.com/health/periodontitis/DS00369>.

Sato, Kojiro and Hiroshi Takayanagi. “Osteoclasts, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Osteoimmunology.” Curr Opin Rheumatol 18 (2006): 419-26.

Sevenoaks, Martin J. and Robert A. Stockley. “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Inflammation and Co-Morbidity – A Common Inflammatory Phenotype.” Respiratory Research 7 (2006): 70.

Thibodeau, Gary A. and Kevin T. Patton. The Human Body in Health and Disease. 3rd ed. Mosby, Inc., 2002.

Waugh, Anne and Allison Grant. Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness. 9th ed. Churchill Livingstone, 2001.

THE STORY CONDENSED

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